What is collective labour law?

Collective labour law can be subdivided into two levels:

Collective bargaining law – the level dealing with relations between trade unions, employer associations and individual employers.

Workplace labour relations law (also known as works constitution) – the level dealing with relations between employer and workforce in individual establishments.

Collective bargaining law

Collective bargaining autonomy is among the constitutionally protected rights of trade unions and employer associations. The collective bargaining partners thus have the right to enter into collective agreements under their own responsibility. (more…)

What is individual labour law?

The central purpose of labour law is to protect employees. Employees are dependent on their employers, not just economically, but personally under their contract of employment. The resulting need for special protection is met by labour law. The basic idea of labour law is to bring about a fair balance of interests between employers and employees. The main purpose of labour law consists of protecting employees from violations of personal integrity, economic disadvantage and health risks involved in working as an employee.

Home workers, who are especially economically dependent on their employers, are also covered by labour law, partly under special provisions and partly under provisions applying to all employees. Labour law is divided into individual labour law, which governs relations between employers and employees, and collective labour law, which applies to legal relations between unions and employer associations at company and most of all at inter-company level.

Individual labour law centres on the relationship between a person in work and his or her employer, as governed by the employment contract between them.

There are two main questions dealt with by every employment contract: what work you are expected to do, and what pay you are entitled to in return. (more…)

Employment references

Job references Employees and freelance employees are entitled to a certificate called in Germany “Zeugnis”. The prerequisite is a permanent employment relationship so that the assessor has enough time to recognize the professional and personal qualities of the employee. Person entitled to issue the reference certificate „Zeugnis“  The only person Read more…